The ancient name of Beed was Champavati nagar. This historical city is situated on the bank of the Bindusara river. This city is surrounded by various historical places. In the south east there is an old historical temple of “Lord Shiva “ Which is known as Papneshwar. This ancient temple is deep in the ground having shivpind. The waterfalls constantly on Shivpind by the side of the temple there is square shaped well which is full of water.
In the East of the city Beed there is an ancient temple of lord Mahadeo. Named Kankaleshwar It is the master piece of scuipture. It attracts the superlative praise from sculpture This historial temple is surrounded by water. It looks magnificent. In the East of this Temple there is a temple of Khandeshwari built by Ahilyabai Holkar. Every year dashhara is celebrated very enthusiastically in the temple.
The Khandoba temple rises on the hill in front of khandeshwari temple. It is constructed in he madpanthi style. In front of the temple are a couple of very high structures called Deep malas about 100 to 200 ft. high and visible from 5 to 10 kilometres distance. They attract the attention of visitors. There is Hanuman temple beside Khandeshwari temple. In the same area there are three famous as well as historical wells known as Baravas.
Every today people drink water from these wells In the East of Khandoba temple there is another well known as mother in law and daughter in law barava. The wonder is that water tests salty in mother as water tests salty in mother in laws section thoughAA there is no wall sepating the water.
Jata Shankar temple is situated in the heart of the town. It is said that when prabhu ramchandra was helplessly wandering in search of sita. He found Jataya bird in wounded condition. The bird tried to release sita from the custoday of Lankapati Ravana who fatally wounded the bird. The bird told Rama the story of sitas Kidnapping and the bird died at the feet of rama. Then prabhu ramchandra did funeral and establishment Jata shankar Near Jatn shankar temple there is famon and Ganesh temple.
In peth Beed area there is omni potent shani dev temple Shahenshahwali dargat Khajana bavdi Bendsura project Yuva shanty van Bndsura project ( Manjari ) swami samarth temple
As of 2001 India census, Beed town had a population of 138,091. Male population is 71,790 and females constitute 66,301. There are 923.54 females per thousand males in the town. Birth rate is 15.9 which is lower than the national average of 22. Death rate is 3 which is lower than the national average of 8.2. Infant mortality rate is 71 per thousand live births which is much higher than the national average of 54.6 deaths for thousand live births. Maternal mortality rate however, is 1 which is extremely lower than the national average of 540.
Even this small town is an evidence of India’s religious and cultural diversity. 69.15 km² of land is home for Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, Jain, Christian and Sikh communities. A calculated Hindu population in the town comprises around 40% - 41%. 12,307 Hindus were living in the town in 1901, which was 69.64% of the then population. This proportion was reduced after a mass conversion of Dalits to Buddhism and Christianity. Moreover, Jain population was also considered as Hindu at that time. Nearly 25% of population in Beed comprises Muslims. 4,993 Muslims were living in the town in 1901 which was 28.25% of the then population. Calculated Muslim population in Beed as per 2001 census reaches 34522. Percentage of Dalit (Scheduled Casts & Scheduled Tribes) population in the district is 14.13% (SC 13.01% - ST 1.12%) in the 2001 census. Calculated Dalit population in the town as per 2001 census is 19512. By religion, nearly all Dalits are Buddhist; however, some still follow Hindu customs. A Buddhist temple is located at Mali Chowk area. According to Crusade Watch there were 662 Christians living in the town in the year 2000 which was 0.5% of the then population. In 1901 only 68 Christians were living in the town and most of them were native. Protestant (Assemblies of God) and Roman Catholic (Saint Ann’s) churches are located in the town. A missionary Saint Ann’s school has a reputation of elite with excellent infrastructure. Jain community (both Svetambar and Digambar Jain) also has presence with the temples of both communities. Digambar Jain temple is located in Juna Bazar, almost entirely Muslim area. Sikhs are perhaps the smallest religious entity in the town but have their Gurdwara which is said to be built in 1895. Urdu (Deccani accent) is the mother tongue for Muslims. Hindus and Dalits speak Marathi. Other communities use Marathi and Hindi as a mode of communication. Officially Marathi, Hindi and English languages are in use.