Hingoli is a city and a municipal council in Hingoli district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
Marathwada was initially under Nizam's regime. Hingoli was the taluka of parbhani district and part of Nizam's regime. It was actually Nizam's military base as it was border place with vidhrabha. In that era military troops, hospitals, veterinary hospital were in operation from Hingoli. Residents of Hingoli had experienced two big wars between Tipu Sultan and Maratha in 1803 and in 1857 between Nagpurkar and Bhosale. Being a military base the city was one of the important and famous place of the Hydrabad State.
Some of the names like Pultan, Risala, Tophkhana, Pensionpura, Sadar Bazaar are famous today. In the 1956, post independence when the state were reconstructed Marathwada was attached to Mumbai State and in 1960 Hingoli became part of the Maharashtra State as part of Parbhani district. Later on 1 May 1999 Hingoli district came in to existence by division of Parbhani.
As of India census, Hingoli had a population of 69,552. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Hingoli has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 60%. In Hingoli, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. The language of the town is Marathi and Hindi with a typical Hingoli style.
The town, being close to the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, was of crucial strategic importance during British Raj. In the town can still be found the state farm building which was the base for British Army. As a result of military settlement, a large number of people from all over India made the town their home, which include the people from UP, MP, Rajasthan, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh. The main language spoken in the city is Marathi with a typical Hingoli flavour. Other languages spoken are Dakkhani Urdu, Hindi, Marwari.
The town is famous for its annual fair festival of 'Dasara' which is a very old festival of the town and second largest fair in India, celebrated for 155 years.
Hingoli is located at 19°43′N 77°09′E / 19.72°N 77.15°E / 19.72; 77.15. It has an average elevation of 457 metres (1499 feet).
Hingoli is situated at the northern part of Marathwada in Maharashtra. Borders of Hingoli are surrounded by Akola and Yevotmal in northern side, Parbhani in western side and Nanded at south-eastern side. The district came into existence by division of Parbhani district on 1 May 1999.
Sengaon, Hingoli, Kalmnuri and Aundha (Na) this four tahasils in Hingoli district are scattered on this hilly track. Basmat taluka is on the plain area. These mountain ranges lying from east to west. The average height from mean sea level is 500 to 600 meter. In this hilly region the tribes like Andh, Banjara, Hatkar ,Pardhi resides.
Marathwada is one of the six administrative divisions. in Maharashtra. It is known as Pathar Pradesh of Balaghat and Satpuda mountain ranges. It also known as southern plateau . Geographical location of Hingoli District is such that at North side of the Hingoli District, Washim and Yavatmal district comes, Towards the west and south side Parbhani district comes and at east and south east Nanded district come. The population of Hingoli district as per census 2001 is 9,87,160. Geographical area of the district is 463364.36 Hectare.