Osmanabad district is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Osmanabad , erstwhile Dharashiv. Temple of goddess Tuljabhavani at Tulajapur is famous in India. The district occupies an area of 7512.4 km² of which 241.4 km² is urban area and has a population of 1,486,586 of which 15.69% were urban (as of 2001).
Osmanabad district lies in the southern part of state. It lies on the Deccan plateau, about 600 m above sea level. Parts of the Manjara and Terna flow through the district. The district is located on east side of Marathwada region within the range latitude 17.35 to 18.40 degrees north, and latitude 75.16 to 76.40 degrees east.
The rainy season starts from mid-June and continues till the end of September. The climate is humid in October and November and dry and cool from mid-November to January. From February to June the climate is dry and becomes increasingly hot. During summer the temperature of Osmanabad district is low compared to other districts of Marathwada region. The average annual rainfall in the district is 730 mm. Temperature Max.: 42.1 °C; Min.: 8 °C
There are eight talukas (tahsil) in Osmanabad district.
Paranda is historical place known for the Paranda Fort. Kallamb is an important commercial centre of the district and located on the bank of river Manjra. The taluka is blessed by Yedeshwari devi, whose temple is located at Yermala, 20 km from Kallamb.
Tuljapur is a major taluka town, about 30 km from Solapur, 25 km from Osmanabad town and 40 km from Hyderabad national Highway at Naldurga.
Tuljapur is best known for its Tulja Bhavani Mandir. It is said that Tulja Bhavani mata had offered sword to Shivaji Maharaj (not verifiable) and his son re-built the temple. Omerga is a densely populated taluka in Osmanabad. The Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai also has a School of Rural Development ("the Rural Campus") at Tuljapur.
Solapur lies to the south-west, Ahmednagar to the North-west, Beed to the north, Latur to the east and the districts of Bidar and Gulbarga in Karnataka to the south.
Tuljapur town in Osmanabad district is famous for Tulja Bhavani Temple built by Raje Shahaji. Persons from all over Maharashtra visit the temple for worship. Tulja Bhavani College of Engineering is located near the town.
Kati village in Tuljapur Division has two mosques said to be more than 500 years old. The larger is called Jamia Masjid. The smaller Masjid is older and very small with a mysterious typical architecture.
Naldurg is another historical place in Osmanabad with a beautiful historic fort.
Mankeshwar is a place where there is a Hemadpanti Shiv Temple and goddess Satwai Devi temple.
The district also offers some worth visiting sites to name a few are: Saint Goroba Temple, Dharashiv Caves, Ramling (Temple of Lord Shiva), Wadgaon Siddheshwar (Temple of Lord Shiva), Naldurg Fort and Paranda Fort etc.
Osmanabad City also have famous Darga of Hazrat Khwaja Shamsoddin Gazi(RA). interiors of darga is decorated with colourful glass pieces which is the main attraction nowadays.